Section: Ecology
Topic: Ecology, Population biology

Seasonality of host-seeking Ixodes ricinus nymph abundance in relation to climate

10.24072/pcjournal.355 - Peer Community Journal, Volume 4 (2024), article no. e2.

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There is growing concern about climate change and its impact on human health. Specifically, global warming could increase the probability of emerging infectious diseases, notably because of changes in the geographical and seasonal distributions of disease vectors such as mosquitoes and ticks. For example, the range of Ixodes ricinus, the most common and widespread tick species in Europe, is currently expanding northward and at higher altitudes. However, little is known about the seasonal variation in tick abundance in different climates. Seasonality of I. ricinus is often based on expert opinions while field surveys are usually limited in time. Our objective was to describe seasonal variations in I. ricinus abundance under different climates. To this end, a seven-year longitudinal study, with monthly collections of I. ricinus host-seeking nymphs, was carried out in France, in six locations corresponding to different climates. Tick data were log-transformed and grouped between years so as to obtain seasonal variations for a typical year. Daily average temperature was measured during the study period. Seasonal patterns of nymph abundance were established for the six different locations using linear harmonic regression. Model parameters were estimated separately for each location. Seasonal patterns appeared different depending on the climate considered. Western temperate sites showed an early spring peak, a summer minimum and a moderate autumn and winter abundance. More continental sites showed a later peak in spring, and a minimum in winter. The peak occurred in summer for the mountainous site, with an absence of ticks in winter. In all cases except the mountainous site, the timing of the spring peak could be related to the sum of degree days since the beginning of the year. Winter abundance was positively correlated to the corresponding temperature. Our results highlight clear patterns in the different sites corresponding to different climates, which allow further forecast of tick seasonality under changing climate conditions.

Published online:
DOI: 10.24072/pcjournal.355
Type: Research article
Hoch, Thierry 1; Madouasse, Aurélien 1; Jacquot, Maude 2, 3, 4; Wongnak, Phrutsamon 2, 3; Beugnet, Fréderic 5; Bournez, Laure 6; Cosson, Jean-François 7; Huard, Frédéric 8; Moutailler, Sara 7; Plantard, Olivier 1; Poux, Valérie 3, 2; René-Martellet, Magalie 2, 3; Vayssier-Taussat, Muriel 7; Verheyden, Hélène 9, 10; Vourc’h, Gwenaël 3, 2; Chalvet-Monfray, Karine 2, 3; Agoulon, Albert 1

1 Oniris, INRAE, BIOEPAR, 44300, Nantes, France
2 Université Clermont Auvergne, INRAE, VetAgro Sup, UMR EPIA, 63122 Saint-Genès-Champanelle, France
3 Université de Lyon, INRAE, VetAgro Sup, UMR EPIA, 69280 Marcy l’Etoile, France
4 Current address: Ifremer, RBE-SGMM-LGPMM, La Tremblade, France
5 Global Technical Services, Boehringer-Ingelheim Animal Health, 69007 Lyon, France
6 Nancy Laboratory for Rabies and Wildlife, The French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety (ANSES), 54220 Malzéville, France
7 ANSES, INRAE, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d’Alfort, UMR BIPAR, Laboratoire de Santé Animale, F-94700 Maisons-Alfort, France
8 INRAE, US 1116 AgroClim, 84914 Avignon, France
9 Université de Toulouse, INRAE, UR CEFS, 31326 Castanet-Tolosan, France
10 LTSER ZA PYRénées GARonne, 31326 Auzeville-Tolosane, France
License: CC-BY 4.0
Copyrights: The authors retain unrestricted copyrights and publishing rights
     author = {Hoch, Thierry and Madouasse, Aur\'elien and Jacquot, Maude and Wongnak, Phrutsamon and Beugnet, Fr\'ederic and Bournez, Laure and Cosson, Jean-Fran\c{c}ois and Huard, Fr\'ed\'eric and Moutailler, Sara and Plantard, Olivier and Poux, Val\'erie and Ren\'e-Martellet, Magalie and Vayssier-Taussat, Muriel and Verheyden, H\'el\`ene and Vourc{\textquoteright}h, Gwena\"el and Chalvet-Monfray, Karine and Agoulon, Albert},
     title = {Seasonality of host-seeking {\protect\emph{Ixodes} ricinus} nymph abundance in relation to climate},
     journal = {Peer Community Journal},
     eid = {e2},
     publisher = {Peer Community In},
     volume = {4},
     year = {2024},
     doi = {10.24072/pcjournal.355},
     language = {en},
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AU  - Madouasse, Aurélien
AU  - Jacquot, Maude
AU  - Wongnak, Phrutsamon
AU  - Beugnet, Fréderic
AU  - Bournez, Laure
AU  - Cosson, Jean-François
AU  - Huard, Frédéric
AU  - Moutailler, Sara
AU  - Plantard, Olivier
AU  - Poux, Valérie
AU  - René-Martellet, Magalie
AU  - Vayssier-Taussat, Muriel
AU  - Verheyden, Hélène
AU  - Vourc’h, Gwenaël
AU  - Chalvet-Monfray, Karine
AU  - Agoulon, Albert
TI  - Seasonality of host-seeking Ixodes ricinus nymph abundance in relation to climate
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%A Poux, Valérie
%A René-Martellet, Magalie
%A Vayssier-Taussat, Muriel
%A Verheyden, Hélène
%A Vourc’h, Gwenaël
%A Chalvet-Monfray, Karine
%A Agoulon, Albert
%T Seasonality of host-seeking Ixodes ricinus nymph abundance in relation to climate
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Hoch, Thierry; Madouasse, Aurélien; Jacquot, Maude; Wongnak, Phrutsamon; Beugnet, Fréderic; Bournez, Laure; Cosson, Jean-François; Huard, Frédéric; Moutailler, Sara; Plantard, Olivier; Poux, Valérie; René-Martellet, Magalie; Vayssier-Taussat, Muriel; Verheyden, Hélène; Vourc’h, Gwenaël; Chalvet-Monfray, Karine; Agoulon, Albert. Seasonality of host-seeking Ixodes ricinus nymph abundance in relation to climate. Peer Community Journal, Volume 4 (2024), article  no. e2. doi : 10.24072/pcjournal.355.

Peer reviewed and recommended by PCI : 10.24072/pci.ecology.100507

Conflict of interest of the recommender and peer reviewers:
The recommender in charge of the evaluation of the article and the reviewers declared that they have no conflict of interest (as defined in the code of conduct of PCI) with the authors or with the content of the article.

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