Section: Evolutionary Biology
Topic: Ecology, Evolution, Microbiology

Community structure of heritable viruses in a Drosophila-parasitoids complex

10.24072/pcjournal.371 - Peer Community Journal, Volume 4 (2024), article no. e16.

Get full text PDF Peer reviewed and recommended by PCI

The diversity and phenotypic impacts related to the presence of heritable bacteria in insects have been extensively studied in the last decades. On the contrary, heritable viruses have been overlooked for several reasons, including technical ones. This is regrettable because of the size of this gap knowledge and because case study indicate that viruses may have profound impact on the functionning of individuals and communities. Additionally, the factors that may shape viral communities are poorly known, except in some very specific viral-insect systems. Here we analyze the community structure of heritable viruses in a multi-hosts-multi-parasitoids community. Drosophilidae and their larval and pupal parasitoids were sampled in two locations, two years and two seasons. After two lab generations, putative DNA and RNA viruses were purified and sequenced. Our analysis revealed the presence of 53 viruses (including 37 new viruses), the great majority of which were RNA viruses. The "species" factor was by far the most significant one, explaining more than 50% of the variance in viral structure. Additionally, parasitoids had a higher number of heritable viruses compared to their hosts, suggesting that this lifestyle favours the association with viruses. Finally, our community-level survey challenged previous interpretation concerning the host range of some previously described viruses.  

Published online:
DOI: 10.24072/pcjournal.371
Type: Research article
Keywords: virus, community, insect, parasitoid, symbiont, superparasitism
Varaldi, Julien 1; Lepetit, David 1; Burlet, Nelly 1; Faber, Camille 2; Baretje, Bérénice 1; Allemand, Roland 1

1 LBBE, CNRS/University Lyon 1 – France
2 University Paris Saclay – France
License: CC-BY 4.0
Copyrights: The authors retain unrestricted copyrights and publishing rights
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     title = {Community structure of heritable viruses in a {\protect\emph{Drosophila}-parasitoids} complex},
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Varaldi, Julien; Lepetit, David; Burlet, Nelly; Faber, Camille; Baretje, Bérénice; Allemand, Roland. Community structure of heritable viruses in a Drosophila-parasitoids complex. Peer Community Journal, Volume 4 (2024), article  no. e16. doi : 10.24072/pcjournal.371.

Peer reviewed and recommended by PCI : 10.24072/pci.evolbiol.100701

Conflict of interest of the recommender and peer reviewers:
The recommender in charge of the evaluation of the article and the reviewers declared that they have no conflict of interest (as defined in the code of conduct of PCI) with the authors or with the content of the article.

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