Section: Health & Movement Sciences
Topic: Health sciences, Neuroscience

Interlimb coordination in Parkinson’s Disease is minimally affected by a visuospatial dual task

10.24072/pcjournal.387 - Peer Community Journal, Volume 4 (2024), article no. e31.

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Parkinson’s disease (PD) leads to reduced spatial and temporal interlimb coordination during gait as well as reduced coordination in the upper or lower limbs. Multi-tasking when walking is common during real-world activities, and affects some gait characteristics, like gait speed and variability. However, the impact of a dual task (DT) on intra and interlimb coordination of both lower and upper limbs when walking in people with PD remains unknown. Seventeen volunteers with mild to moderate PD (11 males, 65 ± 8 years, 173 ± 8 cm, 74 ± 20 kg, Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale motor section 10 ± 5) participated in gait trials in an Extended-CAREN system, which includes a treadmill, 12-camera Vicon motion capture system, and a 180° field-of-view virtual reality projection screen. Participants completed a 3 min walking trial and a 2 min visuospatial word recognition DT trial at their preferred walking pace. Single and DT were compared with a paired t-test, and the less and more affected (LA, MA) sides were tested for equivalence in sensitivity to the DT. During the DT, we found the LA shoulder ROM decreased by 1.5°, and the LA shoulder peak flexion decreased by 1.1° (p<.028, gav>.12). The LA and MA hip ROM were differently affected by the dual task (p=.023), and intralimb coordination was affected by dual tasking equivalently between sides (p=.004). These results suggest that during normal single-task gait, people with PD use attentional resources to compensate for reduced arm swing. Furthermore, our results indicate that any effect of DT on lower intralimb coordination is not meaningfully different between the LA and MA sides.

Published online:
DOI: 10.24072/pcjournal.387
Type: Research article
Keywords: Parkinson’s disease, dual task, interlimb coordination, relative phase, more affected side
Hill, Allen 1; Nantel, Julie 1

1 School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa - Ottawa, Canada
License: CC-BY 4.0
Copyrights: The authors retain unrestricted copyrights and publishing rights
Web-published in collaboration with: UGA Éditions
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Hill, Allen; Nantel, Julie. Interlimb coordination in Parkinson’s Disease is minimally affected by a visuospatial dual task. Peer Community Journal, Volume 4 (2024), article  no. e31. doi : 10.24072/pcjournal.387.

Peer reviewed and recommended by PCI : 10.24072/pci.healthmovsci.100043

Conflict of interest of the recommender and peer reviewers:
The recommender in charge of the evaluation of the article and the reviewers declared that they have no conflict of interest (as defined in the code of conduct of PCI) with the authors or with the content of the article.

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