Phenotypic and transcriptomic analyses reveal major differences between apple and pear scab nonhost resistance

10.24072/pcjournal.225 - Peer Community Journal, Volume 3 (2023), article no. e9.

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Nonhost resistance is the outcome of most plant/pathogen interactions, but it has rarely been described in Rosaceous fruit species. Apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.) have a nonhost resistance to Venturia pyrina, the scab species attacking European pear (Pyrus communis L.). Reciprocally, P. communis have a nonhost resistance to Venturia inaequalis, the scab species attacking apple. The major objective of our study was to compare the scab nonhost resistance in apple and in European pear, at the phenotypic and transcriptomic levels.  Macro- and microscopic observations after reciprocal scab inoculations indicated that, after a similar germination step, nonhost apple/V. pyrina interaction remained nearly symptomless, whereas more hypersensitive reactions were observed during nonhost pear/V. inaequalis interaction. Comparative transcriptomic analyses of apple and pear nonhost interactions with V. pyrina and V. inaequalis, respectively, revealed differences. Very few differentially expressed genes were detected during apple/V. pyrina interaction, preventing the inferring of underlying molecular mechanisms. On the contrary, numerous genes were differentially expressed during pear/V. inaequalis interaction, allowing a deep deciphering. Pre-invasive defense, such as stomatal closure, could be inferred, as well as several post-invasive defense mechanisms (apoplastic reactive oxygen species accumulation, phytoalexin production and alterations of the epidermis composition). In addition, a comparative analysis between pear scab host and nonhost interactions indicated that, although specificities were observed, two major defense lines seems to be shared in these resistances: cell wall and cuticle potential modifications and phenylpropanoid pathway induction. This first deciphering of the molecular mechanisms underlying a nonhost scab resistance in pear offers new possibilities for the genetic engineering of sustainable scab resistance in this species. Concerning nonhost scab resistance in apple, further analyses must be considered with the aid of tools adapted to this resistance with very few cells engaged.

Published online:
DOI: 10.24072/pcjournal.225
Vergne, Emilie 1; Chevreau, Elisabeth 1; Ravon, Elisa 1; Gaillard, Sylvain 1; Pelletier, Sandra 1; Bahut, Muriel 2; Perchepied, Laure 1

1 Univ Angers, Institut Agro, INRAE, IRHS, SFR QUASAV, F-49000 – Angers, France
2 Univ Angers, SFR QUASAV, F-49000 – Angers, France
License: CC-BY 4.0
Copyrights: The authors retain unrestricted copyrights and publishing rights
     author = {Vergne, Emilie and Chevreau, Elisabeth and Ravon, Elisa and Gaillard, Sylvain and Pelletier, Sandra and Bahut, Muriel and Perchepied, Laure},
     title = {Phenotypic and transcriptomic analyses reveal major differences between apple and pear scab nonhost resistance},
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%A Ravon, Elisa
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%A Pelletier, Sandra
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Vergne, Emilie; Chevreau, Elisabeth; Ravon, Elisa; Gaillard, Sylvain; Pelletier, Sandra; Bahut, Muriel; Perchepied, Laure. Phenotypic and transcriptomic analyses reveal major differences between apple and pear scab nonhost resistance. Peer Community Journal, Volume 3 (2023), article  no. e9. doi : 10.24072/pcjournal.225.

Peer reviewed and recommended by PCI : 10.24072/pci.genomics.100025

Conflict of interest of the recommender and peer reviewers:
The recommender in charge of the evaluation of the article and the reviewers declared that they have no conflict of interest (as defined in the code of conduct of PCI) with the authors or with the content of the article.

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