Archaeology

TIPZOO: a Touchscreen Interface for Palaeolithic Zooarchaeology. Towards making data entry and analysis easier, faster, and more reliable

10.24072/pcjournal.61 - Peer Community Journal, Volume 1 (2021), article no. e67.

Get full text PDF Peer reviewed and recommended by PCI

Zooarchaeological studies of fossil bone collections are often conducted using simple spreadsheet programs for data recording and analysis. After quickly summarizing the limitations of such an approach, we present a new software solution, TIPZOO, which uses a FileMaker touchscreen interface combined with R scripts and QGIS files. This tool was specifically designed for zooarchaeologists needs, and is freely available at http://tipzoo.cnrs.fr. In this article, the key features of TIPZOO are highlighted, and we present some of the tools developed in order to (1) simplify the use of recently published complex coding systems, (2) better control intra- and inter-analyst variation, and (3) allow faster and more reliable data entry, analysis and visualization in Palaeolithic zooarchaeology.

Published online:
DOI: 10.24072/pcjournal.61
Discamps, Emmanuel 1

1 CNRS UMR5608 TRACES, Université Toulouse Jean Jaurès, Toulouse 31058, FRANCE
License: CC-BY 4.0
Copyrights: The authors retain unrestricted copyrights and publishing rights
@article{10_24072_pcjournal_61,
     author = {Discamps, Emmanuel},
     title = {TIPZOO: a {Touchscreen} {Interface} for {Palaeolithic} {Zooarchaeology.} {Towards} making data entry and analysis easier, faster, and more reliable},
     journal = {Peer Community Journal},
     eid = {e67},
     publisher = {Peer Community In},
     volume = {1},
     year = {2021},
     doi = {10.24072/pcjournal.61},
     url = {https://peercommunityjournal.org/articles/10.24072/pcjournal.61/}
}
TY  - JOUR
AU  - Discamps, Emmanuel
TI  - TIPZOO: a Touchscreen Interface for Palaeolithic Zooarchaeology. Towards making data entry and analysis easier, faster, and more reliable
JO  - Peer Community Journal
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021///
VL  - 1
PB  - Peer Community In
UR  - https://peercommunityjournal.org/articles/10.24072/pcjournal.61/
UR  - https://doi.org/10.24072/pcjournal.61
DO  - 10.24072/pcjournal.61
ID  - 10_24072_pcjournal_61
ER  - 
%0 Journal Article
%A Discamps, Emmanuel
%T TIPZOO: a Touchscreen Interface for Palaeolithic Zooarchaeology. Towards making data entry and analysis easier, faster, and more reliable
%J Peer Community Journal
%D 2021
%V 1
%I Peer Community In
%U https://doi.org/10.24072/pcjournal.61
%R 10.24072/pcjournal.61
%F 10_24072_pcjournal_61
Discamps, Emmanuel. TIPZOO: a Touchscreen Interface for Palaeolithic Zooarchaeology. Towards making data entry and analysis easier, faster, and more reliable. Peer Community Journal, Volume 1 (2021), article  no. e67. doi : 10.24072/pcjournal.61. https://peercommunityjournal.org/articles/10.24072/pcjournal.61/

Peer reviewed and recommended by PCI : 10.24072/pci.archaeo.100001

Conflict of interest of the recommender and peer reviewers:
The recommender in charge of the evaluation of the article and the reviewers declared that they have no conflict of interest (as defined in the code of conduct of PCI) with the authors or with the content of the article.

[1] Abe, Y.; Marean, C. W.; Nilssen, P. J.; Assefa, Z.; Stone, E. C. The Analysis of Cutmarks on Archaeofauna: A Review and Critique of Quantification Procedures, and a New Image-Analysis GIS Approach, American Antiquity, Volume 67 (2002) no. 4, pp. 643-663 | DOI

[2] Atici, L.; Kansa, S. W.; Lev-Tov, J.; Kansa, E. C. Other People’s Data: A Demonstration of the Imperative of Publishing Primary Data, Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, Volume 20 (2013) no. 4, pp. 663-681 | DOI

[3] Behrensmeyer, A. K. Taphonomic and ecologic information from bone weathering, Paleobiology, Volume 4 (1978) no. 2, pp. 150-162 | DOI

[4] Binford, L. Nunamiut: Ethnoarchaeology, Academic Press, New York, 1978

[5] Binford, L. Bones: ancient men and modern myths, Academic Press, Orlando, 1981

[6] Campmas, E. Caractérisation de l’occupation des sites de la région de Témara (Maroc) au Pléistocène supérieur et nouvelles données sur la subsistance des Hommes du Paléolithique moyen d’Afrique du Nord : Exemples des approches taphonomiques et archéozoologiques menées sur les faunes d’El Harhoura 2 et d’El Mnasra. PhD dissertation, Université Bordeaux 1 (2012)

[7] Castel, J. Comportements de subsistance au Solutréen et au Badegoulien d’apres les faunes de Combe Saunière (Dordogne) et du Cuzoul de Vers (Lot). PhD dissertation, Université Bordeaux 1. (1999)

[8] Costamagno, S. Stratégies de Chasse et Fonction des Sites au Magdalénien dans le Sud de la France. PhD dissertation, Université Bordeaux 1. (1999)

[9] Costamagno, S.; Soulier, M.-C. Analyse de l’emplacement des stries de boucherie : lier les stries aux activités et aux gestes du boucher. In: Le référentiel de stries de boucherie (Costamagno S, Soulier M-C, Val A, Chong S), Palethnologie (Archéologie et sciences humaines) (2019) no. 10 | DOI

[10] Coumont, M. Taphonomie Préhistorique : mammifères fossiles en contexte naturel, les avens-pièges, apport pour l’étude des archéofaunes. PhD dissertation, Université Aix-Marseille 1. (2006)

[11] Daujeard, C. Exploitation du milieu animal par les Neanderthaliens dans le Sud-Est de la France. PhD dissertation, Université Lumière Lyon 2. (2008)

[12] Dibble, W. F. Data Collection in Zooarchaeology: Incorporating Touch-Screen, Speech-Recognition, Barcodes, and GIS, Ethnobiology Letters, Volume 6 (2015) no. 2, pp. 249-257 | DOI

[13] Discamps, E. Hommes et hyènes face aux recompositions des communautés d’Ongulés (MIS 5-3) : Éléments pour un cadre paléoécologique des sociétés du Paléolithique moyen et supérieur ancien d’Europe de l’Ouest. PhD dissertation, Université Bordeaux 1 (2011)

[14] Discamps, E.; Bachellerie, F.; Baillet, M.; Sitzia, L. The Use of Spatial Taphonomy for Interpreting Pleistocene Palimpsests: An Interdisciplinary Approach to the Châtelperronian and Carnivore Occupations at Cassenade (Dordogne, France), PaleoAnthropology (2019), pp. 362-388 | DOI

[15] Dobney, K.; Rielly, K. A method for recording archaeological animal bones: the use of diagnostic zones, Circaea, Volume 5 (1988), pp. 79-96

[16] Fernandez-Jalvo, Y.; Andrews, P. Atlas of Taphonomic Identifications, Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2016 | DOI

[17] Fischer, A. Computerised bone templates as the basis of a practical procedure to record and analyse graphical zooarchaeological data, Revista Electrónica de Arqueología PUCP, Volume 2 (2007) no. 1

[18] Fisher, J. W. Bone surface modifications in zooarchaeology, Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, Volume 2 (1995) no. 1, pp. 7-68 | DOI

[19] Fourvel, J. Hyénidés modernes et fossiles d’Europe et d’Afrique: taphonomie comparée de leurs assemblages osseux. PhD dissertation, Université Toulouse 2. (2012)

[20] Garcia-Moreno, A.; Hutson, M. J.; Villauenga, A.; Turner, E.; Gaudzinski-Windheuser, S. Counting Sheep Without Falling Asleep: Using GIS to Calculate the Minimum Number of Skeletal Elements (MNE) And Other Archaeozoological Measures In: CAA 2014: 21st Century Archaeology, Giligny F, Djindjian F, Costa L, Robert S, editors. In CAA2014: 21st Century Archaeology: Concepts, methods and tools. Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (2015)

[21] Gifford, D. P.; Crader, D. C. A Computer Coding System for Archaeological Faunal Remains, American Antiquity, Volume 42 (1977) no. 2, pp. 225-238 | DOI

[22] Harland, J. F.; Barrett, J. H.; Carrott, J.; Dobney, K.; Jaques, D. The York System: An integrated zooarchaeological database for research and teaching, Internet Archaeology (2003) no. 13 | DOI

[23] Hodgkins, J. Tracking Climate-driven Changes in Neandertal Subsistence Behaviors and Prey Mobility Patterns. PhD dissertation, Arizona State University. (2012)

[24] Lacarrière, J. Les ressources cynégétiques au Gravettien en France. Acquisition et modalités d’exploitation des animaux durant la phase d’instabilité climatique précédant le dernier maximum glaciaire. PhD dissertation, Université Toulouse 2. (2015)

[25] Lam, Y. M.; Chen, X.; Pearson, O. M. Intertaxonomic Variability in Patterns of Bone Density and the Differential Representation of Bovid, Cervid, and Equid Elements in the Archaeological Record, American Antiquity, Volume 64 (1999) no. 2, pp. 343-362 | DOI

[26] Lau, H.; Kansa, S. W. Zooarchaeology in the era of big data: Contending with interanalyst variation and best practices for contextualizing data for informed reuse, Journal of Archaeological Science, Volume 95 (2018), pp. 33-39 | DOI

[27] Lenoble, A.; Bertran, P. Fabric of Palaeolithic levels: methods and implications for site formation processes, Journal of Archaeological Science, Volume 31 (2004) no. 4, pp. 457-469 | DOI

[28] Lyman, R. L. Vertebrate Taphonomy, Cambridge University Press, 1994 | DOI

[29] Magniez, P. Étude paléontologique des Artiodactyles de la grotte Tournal (Bize-Minervois, Aude, France. Étude taphonomique, archéozoologique et paléoécologique des grands mammifères dans leur cadre biostratigraphique et paléoenvironnemental. PhD dissertation, Université de Perpignan. (2010)

[30] Mallye, J. Les restes de Blaireau en contexte archéologique : Taphonomie, archéozoologie et éléments de discussion des séquences préhistoriques. PhD dissertation, Université Bordeaux 1. (2007)

[31] Marean, C. W.; Abe, Y.; Nilssen, P. J.; Stone, E. C. Estimating the Minimum Number of Skeletal Elements (MNE) in Zooarchaeology: A Review and a New Image-Analysis GIS Approach, American Antiquity, Volume 66 (2001) no. 2, pp. 333-348 | DOI

[32] Morin, E. Late Pleistocene population interaction in Western Europe and modern human origins: new insights based on the faunal remains from Saint-Césaire, Southwestern France. PhD dissertation, University of Michigan. (2004)

[33] Morin, E. Fat composition and Nunamiut decision-making: a new look at the marrow and bone grease indices, Journal of Archaeological Science, Volume 34 (2007) no. 1, pp. 69-82 | DOI

[34] Morin, E.; Beauval, C.; Boileau, A.; Ready, E.; Laroulandie, V. The Number of Distinct Elements: Extending a landmark-based counting unit to other taxa, Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, Volume 24 (2019), pp. 773-784 | DOI

[35] Morin, E.; Ready, E.; Boileau, A.; Beauval, C.; Coumont, M.-P. Problems of Identification and Quantification in Archaeozoological Analysis, Part I: Insights from a Blind Test, Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, Volume 24 (2017) no. 3, pp. 886-937 | DOI

[36] Netter, F. Atlas of Human Anatomy: Pelvis and Perineum, Ciba Medical Education Division, 1989

[37] Orton, D. C. A New Tool for Zooarchaeological Analysis: ArcGIS Skeletal Templates for Some Common Mammalian Species, Internet Archaeology (2010) no. 28 | DOI

[38] Pales, L.; Lambert, C. Atlas ostéologique pour servir à l’identification des mammifères du Quaternaire, Éditions du CNRS, Paris , 1981

[39] Popkin, P. Caprine Butchery and Bone Modification Templates: A step towards standardisation, Internet Archaeology (2005) no. 17 | DOI

[40] Rendu, W. Planification des activités de subsistance au sein du territoire des derniers Moustériens. Cémentochronologie et approche archéozoologique de gisements du Paléolithique moyen (Pech-de-l’Azé I, La Quina, Mauran) et Paléolithique supérieur ancien (Isturitz). PhD dissertation, Université Bordeaux 1. (2007)

[41] Smith, G. A contextual approach to the study of faunal assemblages from Lower and Middle Palaeolithic sites in the UK. PhD dissertation, University College London. (2010)

[42] Soulier, M. Entre alimentaire et technique: l’exploitation animale aux débuts du paléolithique supérieur: stratégies de subsistance et chaînes opératoires de traitement du gibier à Isturitz, La Quina aval, Roc-de-Combe et Les Abeilles. PhD dissertation, Université Toulouse 2. (2013)

[43] Soulier, M.-C.; Costamagno, S. Let the cutmarks speak! Experimental butchery to reconstruct carcass processing, Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, Volume 11 (2017), pp. 782-802 | DOI

[44] Steele, T. E. The contributions of animal bones from archaeological sites: the past and future of zooarchaeology, Journal of Archaeological Science, Volume 56 (2015), pp. 168-176 | DOI

[45] Thompson, J. The impact of post-depositional processes on bone surface modification frequencies: a corrective strategy and its application to the Loiyangalani site, Serengeti Plain, Tanzania, Journal of Taphonomy, Volume 3 (2005) no. 3, pp. 67-90

[46] Thompson, J. Zooarchaeological tests for modern human behavior at Blombos Cave and Pinnacle Point Cave 13B, southwestern Cape, South Africa. PhD dissertation, Arizona State University. (2008)

[47] Watson, J. The estimation of the relative frequencies of mammalian species: Khirokitia 1972, Journal of Archaeological Science, Volume 6 (1979) no. 2, pp. 127-137 | DOI

[48] White, T. Prehistoric cannibalism at Mancos 5MTUMR-2346, 132, Princeton University Press, 2014

Cited by Sources: