Section: Evolutionary Biology
Topic: Evolution, Genetics/Genomics, Population biology

Transcriptional differences between the two host strains of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

10.24072/pcjournal.77 - Peer Community Journal, Volume 2 (2022), article no. e1.

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Spodoptera frugiperda, the fall armyworm (FAW), is an important agricultural pest in the Americas and an emerging pest in sub-Saharan Africa, India, East-Asia and Australia, causing damage to major crops such as corn, sorghum and soybean. While FAW larvae are considered polyphagous, differences in diet preference have been described between two genetic variants: the corn strain (sf-C) and the rice strain (sf-R). These two strains are sometimes considered as distinct species, raising the hypothesis that host plant specialization might have driven their divergence. To test this hypothesis, we first performed controlled reciprocal transplant (RT) experiments to address the impact of plant diet on several traits linked to the fitness of the sf-C and sf-R strains. The phenotypical data suggest that sf-C is specialized to corn. We then used RNA-Se to identify constitutive transcriptional differences between strains, regardless of diet, in laboratory as well as in natural populations. We found that variations in mitochondrial transcription levels are among the most substantial and consistent differences between the two strains. Since mitochondrial genotypes also vary between the strains, we believe the mitochondria may have a significant role in driving strain divergence.

Published online:
DOI: 10.24072/pcjournal.77
Type: Research article

Orsucci, Marion 1, 2, 3; Moné, Yves 2, 4; Audiot, Philippe 1; Gimenez, Sylvie 2; Nhim, Sandra 2; Naït-Saïdi, Rima 2; Frayssinet, Marie 2; Dumont, Guillaume 2; Boudon, Jean-Paul 5; Vabre, Marin 5; Rialle, Stéphanie 6; Koual, Rachid 6; Kergoat, Gael J. 1; Nagoshi, Rodney N. 7; Meagher, Robert L. 7; d’Alençon, Emmanuelle 2; Nègre, Nicolas 2

1 CBGP, INRAE, IRD, CIRAD, Institut Agro, Univ Montpellier, Montpellier, France
2 DGIMI, Univ Montpellier, INRAE, Montpellier, France
3 Department of Plant Biology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala BioCenter and Linnean Centre for Plant Biology, 75007 Uppsala, Sweden
4 Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Center for Advanced Microbial Processing, Drexel University College of Medicine, 245 N. 15th Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19102, USA
5 UE Diascope, INRAE, 34130 Mauguio, France
6 MGX, Univ Montpellier, CNRS, INSERM, Montpellier, France
7 CMAVE USDA-ARS, Gainesville, Florida, USA
License: CC-BY 4.0
Copyrights: The authors retain unrestricted copyrights and publishing rights
     author = {Orsucci, Marion and Mon\'e, Yves and Audiot, Philippe and Gimenez, Sylvie and Nhim, Sandra and Na{\"\i}t-Sa{\"\i}di, Rima and Frayssinet, Marie and Dumont, Guillaume and Boudon, Jean-Paul and Vabre, Marin and Rialle, St\'ephanie and Koual, Rachid and Kergoat, Gael J. and Nagoshi, Rodney N. and Meagher, Robert L. and d{\textquoteright}Alen\c{c}on, Emmanuelle and N\`egre, Nicolas},
     title = {Transcriptional differences between the two host strains of {\protect\emph{Spodoptera} frugiperda} {(Lepidoptera:} {Noctuidae)}},
     journal = {Peer Community Journal},
     eid = {e1},
     publisher = {Peer Community In},
     volume = {2},
     year = {2022},
     doi = {10.24072/pcjournal.77},
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AU  - Orsucci, Marion
AU  - Moné, Yves
AU  - Audiot, Philippe
AU  - Gimenez, Sylvie
AU  - Nhim, Sandra
AU  - Naït-Saïdi, Rima
AU  - Frayssinet, Marie
AU  - Dumont, Guillaume
AU  - Boudon, Jean-Paul
AU  - Vabre, Marin
AU  - Rialle, Stéphanie
AU  - Koual, Rachid
AU  - Kergoat, Gael J.
AU  - Nagoshi, Rodney N.
AU  - Meagher, Robert L.
AU  - d’Alençon, Emmanuelle
AU  - Nègre, Nicolas
TI  - Transcriptional differences between the two host strains of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
JO  - Peer Community Journal
PY  - 2022
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%A Audiot, Philippe
%A Gimenez, Sylvie
%A Nhim, Sandra
%A Naït-Saïdi, Rima
%A Frayssinet, Marie
%A Dumont, Guillaume
%A Boudon, Jean-Paul
%A Vabre, Marin
%A Rialle, Stéphanie
%A Koual, Rachid
%A Kergoat, Gael J.
%A Nagoshi, Rodney N.
%A Meagher, Robert L.
%A d’Alençon, Emmanuelle
%A Nègre, Nicolas
%T Transcriptional differences between the two host strains of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
%J Peer Community Journal
%D 2022
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Orsucci, Marion; Moné, Yves; Audiot, Philippe; Gimenez, Sylvie; Nhim, Sandra; Naït-Saïdi, Rima; Frayssinet, Marie; Dumont, Guillaume; Boudon, Jean-Paul; Vabre, Marin; Rialle, Stéphanie; Koual, Rachid; Kergoat, Gael J.; Nagoshi, Rodney N.; Meagher, Robert L.; d’Alençon, Emmanuelle; Nègre, Nicolas. Transcriptional differences between the two host strains of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Peer Community Journal, Volume 2 (2022), article  no. e1. doi : 10.24072/pcjournal.77.

PCI peer reviews and recommendation, and links to data, scripts, code and supplementary information: 10.24072/pci.evolbiol.100102

Conflict of interest of the recommender and peer reviewers:
The recommender in charge of the evaluation of the article and the reviewers declared that they have no conflict of interest (as defined in the code of conduct of PCI) with the authors or with the content of the article.

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