Section: Health & Movement Sciences
Topic: Health sciences

Comparing habit-behaviour relationships for organised versus leisure time physical activity

10.24072/pcjournal.311 - Peer Community Journal, Volume 3 (2023), article no. e77.

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Evidence shows that people with strong physical activity habits tend to engage in more physical activity than those with weaker habits, but little is known about how habit influences specific types of physical activity. This study aimed to test whether mean level of habit strength and magnitude of the habit strength – behaviour association differed as a function of physical activity modality. Participants (N = 120; M age = 25 years, 75% female) who reported engaging in organised sport separately reported their habit strength for organised sport and leisure time physical activity as well as the time they spent engaging in these physical activity behaviours. Means comparisons and multilevel modelling revealed that people had significantly stronger habit for organised sport than for leisure time physical activity. Crucially, no significant difference was found in the magnitude of the sport-habit and leisure-habit link. Post-hoc analyses revealed that habit was stronger for team sport compared to individual sport, but that there was no significant difference in sport-habit association between team and individual sports. Research should therefore focus on identifying the characteristics of team sports-based activity that are particularly conducive to habit formation as a precursor to developing interventions to promote performance of leisure time activity in a way that would attain such characteristics.

Published online:
DOI: 10.24072/pcjournal.311
Type: Research article
Keywords: exercise; motivation; automaticity; physical activity modalities
Newman, Katerina 1; Forestier, Cyril 2; Cheval, Boris 3, 4; Zenko, Zachary 5; de Chanaleilles, Margaux 6; Gardner, Benjamin 7; Rebar, Amanda L. 1

1 Motivation of Health Behaviours Lab, Appleton Institute, Central Queensland University – Rockhampton, Australia
2 Laboratoire Motricité, Interactions, Performance, MIP - EA4334, Le Mans Université – Le Mans, France
3 Department of Sport Sciences and Physical Education, Ecole normale supérieure Rennes – Bruz, France
4 Laboratory VIPS2, University of Rennes – Rennes, France
5 California State University – Bakersfield, United States of America
6 Laboratoire SENS, Univ. Grenoble Alpes – Grenoble, France
7 Habit Application and Theory group, Health Psychology Research Group, School of Psychology, University of Surrey – London, United Kingdom
License: CC-BY 4.0
Copyrights: The authors retain unrestricted copyrights and publishing rights
Web-published in collaboration with: UGA Éditions
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Newman, Katerina; Forestier, Cyril; Cheval, Boris; Zenko, Zachary; de Chanaleilles, Margaux; Gardner, Benjamin; Rebar, Amanda L. Comparing habit-behaviour relationships for organised versus leisure time physical activity. Peer Community Journal, Volume 3 (2023), article  no. e77. doi : 10.24072/pcjournal.311.

Peer reviewed and recommended by PCI : 10.24072/pci.healthmovsci.100002

Conflict of interest of the recommender and peer reviewers:
The recommender in charge of the evaluation of the article and the reviewers declared that they have no conflict of interest (as defined in the code of conduct of PCI) with the authors or with the content of the article.

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