Section: Ecotoxicology & Environmental Chemistry
Topic: Environmental sciences, Chemistry

Chemical effects on ecological interactions within a model-experiment loop

10.24072/pcjournal.209 - Peer Community Journal, Volume 3 (2023), article no. e3.

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We propose in this paper a method to assess the effects of a contaminant on a micro-ecosystem, integrating the population dynamics and the interactions between species. For that, we developed a dynamic model to describe the functioning of a microcosm exposed to a contaminant and to discriminate direct and indirect effects. Then, we get back from modelling to experimentation in order to identify which of the collected data have really been necessary and sufficient to estimate model parameters in order to propose a more efficient experimental design for further investigations. We illustrated our approach using a 2-L laboratory microcosm involving three species (the duckweed Lemna minor, the microalgae Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata and the daphnids Daphnia magna) exposed to cadmium contamination. We modelled the dynamics of the three species and their interactions using a mechanistic model based on coupled ordinary differential equations. The main processes occurring in this three-species microcosm were thus formalized, including growth and settling of algae, growth of duckweeds, interspecific competition between algae and duckweeds, growth, survival and grazing of daphnids, as well as cadmium effects. We estimated model parameters by Bayesian inference, using simultaneously all the data issued from multiple laboratory experiments specifically conducted for this study. Cadmium concentrations ranged between 0 and 50 μg.L-1 . For all parameters of our model, we obtained biologically realistic values and reasonable uncertainties. The cascade of cadmium effects, both direct and indirect, was identified. Critical effect concentrations were provided for the life history traits of each species. An example of experimental design adapted to this kind a microcosm was also proposed. This approach appears promising when studying contaminant effects on ecosystem functioning.

Published online:
DOI: 10.24072/pcjournal.209
Type: Research article

Lamonica, Dominique 1, 2; Charles, Sandrine 1; Clément, Bernard 2; Lopes, Christelle 1

1 Université de Lyon, F-69000, Lyon; Université Lyon 1; CNRS, UMR 5558, Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie Evolutive, F-69622, Villeurbanne, France
2 Université de Lyon, F-69000, Lyon; Université Lyon 1; ENTPE; CNRS, UMR 5023, Laboratoire d’Ecologie des Hydrosystèmes Naturels et Anthropisés; 3, rue Maurice Audin, 69518 Vaulx-en-Velin, France
License: CC-BY 4.0
Copyrights: The authors retain unrestricted copyrights and publishing rights
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     title = {Chemical effects on ecological interactions within a model-experiment loop},
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%A Charles, Sandrine
%A Clément, Bernard
%A Lopes, Christelle
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Lamonica, Dominique; Charles, Sandrine; Clément, Bernard; Lopes, Christelle. Chemical effects on ecological interactions within a model-experiment loop. Peer Community Journal, Volume 3 (2023), article  no. e3. doi : 10.24072/pcjournal.209.

PCI peer reviews and recommendation, and links to data, scripts, code and supplementary information: 10.24072/pci.ecotoxenvchem.100002

Conflict of interest of the recommender and peer reviewers:
The recommender in charge of the evaluation of the article and the reviewers declared that they have no conflict of interest (as defined in the code of conduct of PCI) with the authors or with the content of the article.

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