Section: Zoology
Topic: Biology of interactions

Climate of origin influences how a herbivorous mite responds to drought-stressed host plants

10.24072/pcjournal.272 - Peer Community Journal, Volume 3 (2023), article no. e44.

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Drought associated with climate change can stress plants, altering their interactions with phytophagous arthropods. Drought not only impacts cultivated plants but also their parasites, which in some cases are favored by drought. Herbivorous arthropods feeding on drought-stressed plants typically produce bigger offspring and develop faster. However, it is unclear how much responses to drought stress differ among populations of herbivore species. Here, we evaluate variability among populations of a major agricultural pest, the two spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae, in response to drought stress. We compare key life history parameters of twelve populations that originate from climates ranging from wet and cool Atlantic locations to medium to dry hot Mediterranean locations. We evaluated how plant drought stress affects four life history traits: development time, fecundity, sex-ratio and emigration rate in an experiment comparing well-watered and drought-stressed bean plants. Mites feeding on drought-stressed plants developed faster and attempted to leave leaves less often, and young females were more fecund. The mites from wet temperate climates exhibited greater plasticity between the two water regimes than mites originating from dryer and hot climates, suggesting that the climate in the area of origin influences mite response to drought.

Published online:
DOI: 10.24072/pcjournal.272
Type: Research article
Keywords: Acari; climate; Europe; life history traits; Mediterranean; Tetranychus urticae; two spotted spider mite
Migeon, Alain 1; Auger, Philippe 1; Fossati-Gaschignard, Odile 2; Hufbauer, Ruth A 3; Miranda, Maëva 1, 4; Zriki, Ghais 1, 5; Navajas, Maria 1

1 CBGP, INRAE, CIRAD, Institut Agro, IRD, Univ Montpellier, Montpellier, France
2 CBGP, IRD, INRAE, CIRAD, Institut Agro, Univ Montpellier, Montpellier, France
3 Department of Agricultural Biology and Graduate Degree Program in Ecology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA
4 CIRAD, UMR AGAP INSTITUT, F-34398 Montpellier, France
5 CEFE, Univ Montpellier, CNRS, EPHE, IRD, Univ Paul Valéry Montpellier 3, Montpellier, France
License: CC-BY 4.0
Copyrights: The authors retain unrestricted copyrights and publishing rights
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Migeon, Alain; Auger, Philippe; Fossati-Gaschignard, Odile; Hufbauer, Ruth A; Miranda, Maëva; Zriki, Ghais; Navajas, Maria. Climate of origin influences how a herbivorous mite responds to drought-stressed host plants. Peer Community Journal, Volume 3 (2023), article  no. e44. doi : 10.24072/pcjournal.272.

PCI peer reviews and recommendation, and links to data, scripts, code and supplementary information: 10.24072/pci.zool.100118

Conflict of interest of the recommender and peer reviewers:
The recommender in charge of the evaluation of the article and the reviewers declared that they have no conflict of interest (as defined in the code of conduct of PCI) with the authors or with the content of the article.

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